duro


duro
adj.
1 hard, hard-core, stiff, strong.
2 hard, hard-boiled, hard-bitten, severe.
3 hard, tough, difficult, rough.
4 headstrong, unbending, obdurate.
5 harsh, severe.
adv.
hard, with force.
pres.indicat.
1st person singular (yo) present indicative of spanish verb: durar.
* * *
duro
adjetivo
1 hard
2 (carne) tough; (pan) stale
3 (difícil) hard, difficult
4 (cruel) tough, hardhearted, callous
5 (resistente) strong, tough
6 (obstinado) obstinate, stubborn
nombre masculino duro
1 (antiguamente) five pesetas; (moneda) five-peseta coin
2 familiar tough guy
adverbio
1 hard
dale duro hit him hard
\
FRASEOLOGÍA
lo que faltaba para el duro familiar just what I (we etc) needed!
ser duro,-a de mollera to be thick, be as thick as two short planks
————————
duro
nombre masculino
1 (antiguamente) five pesetas; (moneda) five-peseta coin
2 familiar tough guy
adverbio
1 hard
dale duro hit him hard
* * *
1. adv.
hard
2. (f. - dura)
adj.
1) hard
2) harsh
3) rough
* * *
duro, -a
1. ADJ
1) (=resistente) [material, superficie, cama, agua] hard; [cable, alambre] stiff; [pan] hard, stale; [carne] tough; [legumbres] hard; [articulación, mecanismo] stiff; [músculo] firm, hard

la cerradura está muy dura — the lock is very stiff

2) (=agresivo) [clima, tiempo, crítica] harsh, severe; [deporte, juego] rough; [ataque] fierce; [castigo, sentencia] severe, harsh; [carácter, actitud] tough

fue un duro golpe para el partido — it was a severe o heavy blow to the party

una postura dura contra la droga — a tough stance o hard line against drugs

el sector duro del partido — the hardliners in the party

es muy duro con sus hijos — he's very strict o tough with his children

hay que tener mano dura con los estudiantes — you have to be firm o strict with students, students need a firm hand

rock duro — hard rock

3) (=difícil) [tarea, prueba, examen] hard

el slálom es una prueba muy dura — the slalom is a very hard o tough race

este coche ha pasado las pruebas más duras — this car has passed the most stringent tests

lo tienes duro para aprobar — * it will be hard o difficult for you to pass

¡qué dura es la vida! — it's a hard life!

4) * (=torpe)

es muy duro para las matemáticas — he's hopeless o no good at maths *

duro de mollera — dense *, dim *

duro de oído — (=medio sordo) hard of hearing; (Mús) tone deaf

5) Méx
* (=borracho)

estar duro — to be drunk

2.
ADV hard

mi padre trabaja duro — my father works hard

pégale o dale duro — hit him hard

3.
SM (=cinco pesetas) five pesetas; (=moneda) five-peseta coin

estar sin un duro — * to be broke *

- ¡lo que faltaba para el duro!
- ¡y que te den dos duros!

vender duros a tres pesetas —

cree que en Estados Unidos venden duros a tres pesetas — he thinks that in the States the streets are paved with gold

4. SM / F
1) [en película, historia] tough character

se hizo el duro para disimular su tristeza — he acted the tough guy o hard man in order to hide his sadness

2) (Pol) hard-liner
* * *
I
-ra adjetivo
1) <mineral> hard; <material> hard, tough; <asiento/colchón> hard; <carne> tough; <músculo> hard; <pan> stale

las peras todavía están duras — the pears aren't ripe yet

2) <luz/voz> harsh; <facciones> hard, harsh; <agua> hard
3)
a) (severo, riguroso) <persona> harsh, hard; <castigo/palabras> harsh, severe; <crítica/ataque> harsh; <clima> harsh; <juego> rough, hard

estuviste or fuiste demasiado duro con él — you were too hard on him

una postura más dura — a tougher line

los defensores de la línea dura — the hardliners

b) (difícil, penoso) <trabajo/vida> hard, tough

fue un golpe muy duro para ella — it was a very hard blow for her

a las duras y a las maduras — through thick and thin (colloq)

estar duro — (Méx fam) (poco probable) to be unlikely; (muy difícil) to be tough

está duro que nos aumenten el sueldo — it's unlikely that we'll get a pay rise

estar duro de pelar — (fam) <problema> to be tough o hard (colloq)

ser duro de pelar — (fam) <persona> to be a hard o tough nut to crack

4) (Per) (tacaño) (fam) tight (colloq), stingy (colloq)
II
adverbio (esp AmL) <trabajar/estudiar/llover> hard

pégale duro! — hit him hard!

le estamos dando duro — we're working hard on it

hable más duro — (Col, Ven) speak up!

reírse duro — (Col, Ven) to laugh loudly

agárrense duro — (Col, Ven) hold on tight

duro y parejo — (AmL fam) flat out

darle duro y parejo al trabajo — to work flat out

III
masculino
1) (en España) (Hist) five-peseta coin

estar sin un duro — (Esp fam) to be broke (colloq)

2)
a) (fam) (en películas) tough guy
b) (Pol) hardliner
* * *
I
-ra adjetivo
1) <mineral> hard; <material> hard, tough; <asiento/colchón> hard; <carne> tough; <músculo> hard; <pan> stale

las peras todavía están duras — the pears aren't ripe yet

2) <luz/voz> harsh; <facciones> hard, harsh; <agua> hard
3)
a) (severo, riguroso) <persona> harsh, hard; <castigo/palabras> harsh, severe; <crítica/ataque> harsh; <clima> harsh; <juego> rough, hard

estuviste or fuiste demasiado duro con él — you were too hard on him

una postura más dura — a tougher line

los defensores de la línea dura — the hardliners

b) (difícil, penoso) <trabajo/vida> hard, tough

fue un golpe muy duro para ella — it was a very hard blow for her

a las duras y a las maduras — through thick and thin (colloq)

estar duro — (Méx fam) (poco probable) to be unlikely; (muy difícil) to be tough

está duro que nos aumenten el sueldo — it's unlikely that we'll get a pay rise

estar duro de pelar — (fam) <problema> to be tough o hard (colloq)

ser duro de pelar — (fam) <persona> to be a hard o tough nut to crack

4) (Per) (tacaño) (fam) tight (colloq), stingy (colloq)
II
adverbio (esp AmL) <trabajar/estudiar/llover> hard

pégale duro! — hit him hard!

le estamos dando duro — we're working hard on it

hable más duro — (Col, Ven) speak up!

reírse duro — (Col, Ven) to laugh loudly

agárrense duro — (Col, Ven) hold on tight

duro y parejo — (AmL fam) flat out

darle duro y parejo al trabajo — to work flat out

III
masculino
1) (en España) (Hist) five-peseta coin

estar sin un duro — (Esp fam) to be broke (colloq)

2)
a) (fam) (en películas) tough guy
b) (Pol) hardliner
* * *
duro1
1 = harsh [harsher -comp., harshest -sup.], severe [severer -comp., severest -sup.], stiff [stiffer -comp., stiffest -sup.], tough [tougher -comp., toughest -sup.], flinty [flintier -comp., flintiest -sup.], hard [harder -comp., hardest -sup.], stern, rough [rougher -comp., roughest -sup.], rugged, hard-nosed, unfeeling, tough-minded, hard-line, hardy [hardier -comp., hardiest -sup.], hard-wearing, gruelling [grueling, -USA].

Ex: In this unhappy pattern SLIS are not being singled out for especially harsh treatment.

Ex: Obviously if it were not for the fact that such indexes also have severe limitations there would be little need to produce any other type of subject index.
Ex: Ironically, however, the internal organisation walls librarians have built to categorise materials by format remain stiff and solid.
Ex: As educators, then, we need to ask ourselves some very tough questions -- some to which we would rather not hear the answers.
Ex: 'I wish she'd tell me when she asks one of my people to do something,' she added in the same flinty tone.
Ex: The amount of stuffing in the balls was varied to suit the nature of the work; large, soft balls with weak ink were used for low-grade work; small, hard balls and strong ink for work of better quality.
Ex: There are two good reasons for this stern rule.
Ex: The changes for the latter group are going to be abrupt, and rough -- very revolutionary.
Ex: The article 'Where no drive has gone before: ruggedized CD-ROM drives' provides examples of conditions where CD-ROM drives need to be particularly rugged (severe industrial conditions, severe shock and vibration conditions, and severe military conditions).
Ex: Companies must adopt a hard-nosed attitude in judging the cost benefits of teletext.
Ex: The discourteous, unfeeling, & degrading reception encountered by job applicants is discussed.
Ex: Carnegie was a conservative, rigidly moralistic, and tough-minded individualist.
Ex: Many school districts have adopted a hard-line approach to reducing unexcused absenteeism; in one such district, truancy rates were reduced 45 percent when truants and their parents were taken to court.
Ex: These plants are often not as hardy when placed in the garden under less than hothouse conditions.
Ex: The manufacturers of this type of artificial turf say that while the grass is soft and springy underfoot it is extremely tough and hard-wearing.
Ex: He has become one of the first people in the world to complete a gruelling foot race involving four deserts on four different continents.
* actuar duro = play + hardball.
* a duras penas = with great difficulty.
* arreglárselas a duras penas = muddle through.
* avanzar a duras penas = flounder, grind on.
* cara dura = impudence, effrontery, blatancy, shameless, shamelessness.
* ciencias duras, las = hard sciences, the.
* dar duro = pack + a wallop.
* de línea dura = hard-line.
* disco duro = hard disc.
* dura realidad = fact of life, harsh reality.
* duro como una piedra = rock-hard.
* duro de corazón = hard-hearted.
* duro de oído = hard-of-hearing.
* duro despertar = rude awakening.
* duro golpe = cruel blow.
* duro revés = cruel blow.
* edición en cubierta dura = hardcover.
* edición en tapas duras = hardcover.
* ganarse la vida a duras penas = eke out + a living, scratch (out) + a living, scrape + a living, eke out + an existence.
* hacerse el duro = play it + cool, play + hard to get.
* hueso duro = tough nut.
* hueso duro de roer = uphill struggle, tough nut to crack, hard nut to crack.
* huevo duro = hard-boiled egg.
* la parte más dura de = brunt of, the.
* libro impreso en pastas duras = board book.
* madera dura = hardwood.
* ¿mano blanda o mano dura? = the carrot vs. the stick.
* mano blanda y mano dura = carrots and sticks.
* mano dura = iron fist, iron hand.
* más duro que la suela de un zapato = as tough as leather, as tough as nails, as tough as nuts, as tough as old boots, as tough as shoe leather.
* más duro que una piedra = as tough as nuts, as tough as nails, as tough as leather, as tough as old boots, as tough as shoe leather.
* paladar duro = hard palate.
* pastas duras = hard cover.
* personas que son duras de oído, las = hard of hearing, the.
* pornografía dura = hard core pornography.
* puro y duro = unvarnished.
* recibir duras críticas = take + a pounding, take + a beating.
* salir adelante a duras penas = eke out + a living, scratch (out) + a living, scrape + a living, eke out + an existence.
* sector duro = hard sector.
* tan duro como el pedernal = as hard as nails.
* tan duro como la piedra = as hard as nails.
* tan duro como la suela de un zapato = as tough as leather, as tough as nails, as tough as nuts, as tough as old boots, as tough as shoe leather.
* tan duro como una piedra = as hard as nails, as tough as nuts, as tough as nails, as tough as leather, as tough as old boots, as tough as shoe leather.
* tenerlo duro = not be easy.
* tener un duro despertar = rude awakening + be in store.
* trabajar duro = labour [labor, -USA], toil, slave away.
* trabajo duro = hard graft, hard labour, thirsty work, hard work.

duro2
* dejar a Alguien sin un duro = take + Nombre + to the cleaners.
* estar sin un duro = not have a bean.
* faltar el canto de un duro para = by the skin of + Posesivo + teeth, come + very close to.
* no tener un duro = not have a bean.
* novela a duro = dime and nickel novel.
* sin un duro = broke, down-and-out, skint, penniless.
* * *
duro1 -ra
adjective
A
1 ‹mineral› hard; ‹material› hard, tough; ‹asiento/colchón› hard; ‹carne› tough; ‹músculo› hard
las zanahorias todavía están duras the carrots are still hard
2 ‹pan›
este pan está duro como una piedra this bread is rock-hard
pan duro para rallar stale bread for making breadcrumbs
3 (entumecido) ‹cuello/dedos› stiff
estoy duro de frío (fam); I'm frozen stiff
B
1 ‹luz/voz› harsh; ‹facciones› hard, harsh
2 ‹agua› hard
C
1 (severo, riguroso) ‹persona› harsh, hard; ‹castigo/palabras› harsh, severe; ‹crítica/ataque› harsh; ‹clima› harsh
estuviste demasiado duro con él you were too hard on him
una postura más dura a tougher line
los defensores de la línea dura the hardliners, those who favor a tough stance
el equipo es famoso por su juego duro the team is notorious for its rough o hard play
lo que hace falta aquí es una mano dura what's needed here is a firm hand
2 (difícil, penoso) ‹trabajo/vida› hard, tough
fue un golpe muy duro para ella it was a very hard o a terrible blow for her
a las duras y a las maduras through thick and thin (colloq)
estar duro (Méx fam) (poco probable) to be unlikely; (muy difícil) to be tough
está duro que nos aumenten el sueldo it's unlikely that we'll get a pay rise
estar duro de pelar (fam); ‹problema› to be tough o hard (colloq)
ser duro de pelar (fam); ‹persona› to be a hard o tough nut to crack
3 (fam) (torpe) dumb (colloq)
es duro para los idiomas he's useless at languages (colloq)
D (Per) (tacaño) (fam) tight (colloq), stingy (colloq)
duro2
adverb
(esp AmL) ‹trabajar/estudiar/llover› hard
¡pégale duro! hit him hard!
¡agárrate duro! hold on tight!
le estamos dando duro we're working hard on it
los periódicos le dieron duro the newspapers gave him a rough ride
hable más duro (Col, Ven); speak up!
estábamos riéndonos muy duro (Col, Ven); we were laughing very loudly
agárrense duro (Col, Ven); hold on tight
corrimos bien duro (Col, Ven); we ran really fast
duro y parejo (AmL fam); flat out
darle duro y parejo al trabajo to work flat out
duro3
masculine
A (en España) (Hist) five-peseta coin
estar sin un duro (Esp fam); to be broke (colloq)
B
1 (fam) (en películas) tough guy
2 (Pol) hardliner
* * *

 

Del verbo durar: (conjugate durar)

duro es:

1ª persona singular (yo) presente indicativo

duró es:

3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) pretérito indicativo

Multiple Entries:
durar    
duro
durar (conjugate durar) verbo intransitivo
a) [reunión/guerra/relación] to last;

¿cuánto dura la película? how long is the film?

b) [coche/zapatos] to last

c) (Col, Ven) See Also→ demorar a

durarse verbo pronominal (Ven) See Also
demorarse

duro 1 -ra adjetivo
1 (en general) hard;
carnetough;
panstale;
las peras están duras the pears aren't ripe

2luz/vozharsh;
faccioneshard, harsh
3
a) (severo, riguroso) harsh;

juegorough, hard;
fuiste demasiado duro con él you were too hard on him;

una postura más dura a tougher line
b) (difícil, penoso) ‹trabajo/vidahard, tough;

fue un golpe muy duro it was a very hard blow

duro 2 adverbio (esp AmL) ‹trabajar/estudiar/lloverhard;
hablar› (Col, Ven) loudly
duro 3 sustantivo masculino (en España) (Hist) five-peseta coin
durar verbo intransitivo
1 to last
2 (ropa, calzado) to wear well, last
duro,-a
I adjetivo
1 hard: ... y también dos huevos duros, ... and also two hard-boiled eggs
2 (insensible, intransigente) harsh, hard: su mirada era dura, her look was harsh
3 (violento, brusco) rough: aguanté una dura reprimenda, I endured a rough reprimand
II m (moneda) five-peseta coin
III adverbio hard
'duro' also found in these entries:
Spanish:
bregar
- canto
- disco
- dura
- durante
- edificación
- golpe
- huevo
- larga
- largo
- mollera
- oído
- pelar
- roer
- sobremesa
- suela
- tarugo
- aplastar
- entrado
- noviazgo
- pesado
- piedra
- rock
- tieso
English:
achieve
- blow
- broke
- celebration
- cold-hearted
- dammit
- disc
- disk
- easy
- elbow-grease
- empire
- exacting
- exertion
- graft
- grill
- gristle
- hard
- hard disk
- hard porn
- hard-boiled
- hard-core
- harsh
- hawkish
- lack
- last
- long
- nail
- not
- nougat
- nut
- penny
- punishing
- recognition
- rough
- rugged
- second
- severe
- slog
- stale
- stark
- stiff
- sweat
- thrive
- toil
- tough
- tough-minded
- arduous
- boil
- dense
- firm
* * *
duro, -a
adj
1. [objeto, material, superficie] hard;
[carne] tough; [pan] stale;
estas peras están todavía muy duras these pears are still hard o not ripe;
Vulg
ponérsele dura a alguien: se me puso dura I got a hard-on;
Comp
estar duro como una piedra to be rock-hard;
Comp
más dura será la caída: cuanto más famosos se hagan, más dura será la caída the more famous they get, the worse it is when they fall from popularity;
Comp
Fam
ser duro de mollera [estúpido] to be thick in the head;
[testarudo] to be pigheaded;
Comp
Fam
ser duro de oído to be hard of hearing
2. [cerradura, grifo, mecanismo] stiff;
los cajones van un poco duros the drawers are a bit stiff
3. [agua] hard
4. [penoso, inclemente] [clima, invierno] harsh, severe;
[etapa, experiencia, vida] hard, tough;
fue un golpe muy duro para todos it was a heavy blow for everybody;
son o [m5]corren tiempos muy duros these are hard times;
Comp
Fam
estar a las duras y a las maduras [sin rendirse] to be there through thick and thin;
[sin quejarse] to take the rough with the smooth
5. [severo, áspero] [persona, palabras, críticas] harsh, severe;
[acciones, medidas, condena] harsh; [postura, sector] hard-line; [juego, partido] rough;
estuvo muy duro con él he was very hard on him;
el ala dura del partido the hard-line faction of the party;
una entrada muy dura [de futbolista] a very hard tackle
6. [fuerte, resistente] tough;
un tipo duro a tough guy;
Comp
Fam
ser duro de pelar to be a hard nut to crack
nm
1. [persona] tough guy;
[en partido político] hardliner;
hacerse el duro to act tough
2. Esp Antes [moneda] 5-peseta coin;
me debes 1.000 duros you owe me 5,000 pesetas;
5 duros [moneda] 25-peseta coin;
Comp
estar sin un duro to be flat broke;
Comp
Fam
¡lo que faltaba para el duro! that really is all we needed!;
Comp
Fam
que le/te/etc [m5]den dos duros to hell with him/you/etc
adv
1. [mucho] hard;
trabajar duro to work hard
2. Col, Ven Fam [alto] loudly;
hablar duro to talk loudly;
reír duro to laugh noisily
3. Col, Ven Fam [rápido] quickly, fast;
nadan muy duro, es imposible alcanzarlos they're very strong swimmers, it's impossible to catch them
4. Col, Ven Fam [fuerte] hard;
pégale duro hit him hard
* * *
duro
I adj
1 material hard; carne tough
2 clima, fig
harsh
3
:
duro de oído fam hard of hearing;
duro de corazón hard-hearted;
ser duro de pelar be a tough nut to crack
II adv hard
III m five peseta coin
* * *
duro adv
: hard
trabajé tan duro: I worked so hard
duro, -ra adj
1) : hard, tough
2) : harsh, severe
* * *
duro1 adj
1. (en general) hard
es duro como una roca it's as hard as a rock
2. (carne, persona) tough
es un tipo duro he's a tough guy
3. (castigo, clima) harsh
una crítica muy dura very harsh criticism
4. (pan) stale
duro2 adv hard
trabajó muy duro he worked very hard
duro3 n five peseta coin
no tener ni un duro to be broke

Spanish-English dictionary. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

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